Accueil  >  Séminaires  >  Protein phase transitions in and out of cells
Protein phase transitions in and out of cells
Par Ned Wingreen (Physics Dept., Princeton University, USA)
Le 18 Avril 2017 à 11h00 - Salle de séminaires 5ème étage, Tour 32-33


Biologists have recently come to appreciate that eukaryotic cells are home to a multiplicity of non-membrane bound compartments, many of which form and dissolve as needed for the cell to function. These dynamical “liquid droplets” enable many central cellular functions – from ribosome assembly, to RNA regulation and storage, to signaling and metabolism. While it is clear that these compartments represent a type of separated phase, what controls their formation, how specific biological components are included or excluded, and how these structures influence physiological and biochemical processes remain largely mysterious. I will discuss recent experiments on phase separated droplets both in vitro and in vivo, and will present theoretical results that highlight a novel “magic number” effect relevant to the formation and control of two-component phase separated liquid droplets.