Dynamics of run-and-tumble particles in dense single-file systems

T. Bertrand , P. Ilien , O. Benichou , R. Voituriez

Bibtex , URL
New J. Phys., 20, 113045
Published 30 Nov. 2018
DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/aaef6f
ISSN: 1367-2630

Abstract

We study a minimal model of self-propelled particle in a crowded single-file environment. We extend classical models of exclusion processes (previously analyzed for diffusive and driven tracer particles) to the case where the tracer particle is a run-and-tumble particle (RTP), while all bath particles perform symmetric random walks. In the limit of high density of bath particles, we derive exact expressions for the full distribution P-n(X) of the RTP position X and all its cumulants, valid for arbitrary values of the tumbling probability alpha and time n. Our results highlight striking effects of crowding on the dynamics: even cumulants of the RTP position are increasing functions of alpha at intermediate timescales, and display a subdiffusive anomalous scaling proportional to root n independent of alpha in the limit of long times n -> infinity. These analytical results set the ground for a quantitative analysis of experimental trajectories of real biological or artificial microswimmers in extreme confinement.

Cette publication est associée à :

Dynamique stochastique des systèmes réactifs et vivants