Collective Dynamics of Focal Adhesions Regulate Direction of Cell Motion

S. Lo Vecchio , R. Thiagarajan , D. Caballero , V. Vigon , L. Navoret , R. Voituriez , D. Riveline

Bibtex , URL
Cell Syst., 10, 6
Published 24 Jun. 2020
DOI: 10.1016/j.cels.2020.05.005
ISSN: 2405-4712

Abstract

Directed cell motion is essential in physiological and pathological processes such as morphogenesis, wound healing, and cancer spreading. Chemotaxis has often been proposed as the driving mechanism, even though evidence of long-range gradients is often lacking in vivo. By patterning adhesive regions in space, we control cell shape and the potential to move along one direction in another migration mode coined ratchetaxis. We report that focal contact distributions collectively dictate cell directionality, and bias is non-linearly increased by gap distance between adhesive regions. Focal contact dynamics on micro-patterns allow to integrate these phenomena in a model where each focal contact is translated into a force with known amplitude and direction, leading to quantitative predictions for cell motion in new conditions with their successful experimental tests. Altogether, our study shows how local and minute timescale dynamics of focal adhesions and their distribution lead to long-term cellular motion with simple geometric rules. A record of this paper's Transparent Peer Review process is included in the Supplemental Information.

Cette publication est associée à :

Dynamique stochastique des systèmes réactifs et vivants